Medical Marijuana is basically a plant-based medicine belongs to Cannabis indica or Cannabis sativa species and THC, CBN and CBD are its three major compounds. Medical marijuana can treat conditions like –
- Muscle spasms
- Low appetite
- Multiple sclerosis
- Sleep issues
What is Medical Marijuana (Medical Cannabis)?
Medical marijuana is a medical term of Cannabis indica or Cannabis sativa plant, which relieves symptoms and treats conditions and diseases. The Cannabis plant has been used for medical purpose over the centuries since the 1900s.
About THC and CBD
The tetrahydrocannabinolis or THC is the psychoactive compound found in marijuana. It can make people feel high. The manmade drugs nabilone (Cesamet) and dronabinol (Marinol) are the synthetic forms of THC. They have been approved by the FDA, to cure vomiting and nausea in people getting treatment with chemotherapy.
The Cannabidiol or CBD is a non-psychoactive compound in marijuana. It is known to provide several medical benefits. The CBD oil extract or Epidiolex is going through clinical tests to treat epilepsy. Nabiximols (Sativex) is a plant extract, which has equal proportion of THC: CBD. This drug has been approved to treat spasticity, multiple sclerosis, overactive bladder, neuropathic pain, and other conditions.
According to a survey, people consider medical marijuana mainly to treat the following conditions –
- Inflammatory bowel problems like Crohn’s disease
- Muscle spasticity
Medical CBD is anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anxiolytic, and neuroprotective. Medical marijuana contains the CBD compound which is neuroprotective in Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, and Alzheimer’s disease, fetal hypoxia, and movement disorders.
Medical marijuana is known to provide relief from muscle spasm, pain, and nausea due to anxiety and chemotherapy. Some of the benefits are seen in mood and emotional uplift, immune function, neuroplasticity, digestive and vascular health.
When used as limited or low doses, the side effects of medical marijuana are minimal like
- Dry mouth
Side effects of higher doses are
- Psychoactive effects like hallucinations and mood changes
Where to buy medical marijuana?
Medical marijuana is available in different forms in shops and medical marijuana clinic Ontario where it is legal. You can find medical marijuana in edible forms like cookies or candies, extracts, and candies. It is also available in the form of a plant, which can be inhaled or smoked. Clinics can sell this product only based on medical marijuana cards. The process of buying medical marijuana varies by state. However, you should have a prescription to buy medical marijuana from a licensed healthcare provider.
Is Medical Marijuana Addictive?
Many studies have proved that medical marijuana has very low toxicity and risk of addiction is minimal if it is taken in low therapeutic doses. In heavy doses, there are concerns related to psychological dependence. CBD oil has been found helpful in treating marijuana abuse or addiction in some studies. An authorization, prescription or medical recommendation is important to buy medical marijuana from a clinic, which has a license or card.